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I was commissioned by the College of William and Mary to digitize all references to Indians indexed in the "Execu-tive Journals of the Virginia Colonial Coun-cil." These journals were kept from 1680 on and are an excellent documentation of the marginalization of the Virginia Indian tribes. It is chilling that, by the 1740's, there is scant mention of these tribes. Reading these entries chronologically is an excellent way to understand this story, and being from an original source, you can draw your own conclusions.

- Linda Carter

Selected text pertaining to Indian tribes
from the

EXECUTIVE JOURNALS

OF THE

Council of Colonial Virginia

Vol. I

June 11, 1680 -- June 22, 1699

(From the Public Record Office,
London, Colonial Office, Class 5, Vol. 1405)

 

----------------------------

 

 

Volume 1, Page 4

At a Councill held at James City
19'th June 1680

Present

His Excellency

S'r Henry Chicely L't Gov'r
Nich Spencer Secry
Coll Nath: Bacon
Maj'r Gen'll Rob't Smith
Coll John Bridges

Ralph Wormley Esq'r
Maj'r Rich. Lee
Coll Aug: Warner
Coll Jn'o Custis
Coll Tho Swan

[Pamunkey]

     Whereas his most sacred Maj'y upon the representation of the
Affaires of this Colony by his Hon'ble Comm'rs S'r Jn'o Berry and Coll
Fran. Morrison and their advice and Councill thereupon, in relation
to the articles made by them with the Indians (without consulting or
adviseing with your Maj'ty's Councill here, or Assembly some short
time before sitting, and in severall points contrary to the opinion of
your Councill, and as they have reason to believe of the whole Assem-
bly also, and to the disadvantage of your Subjects here, was pleased
to send four rich Coronets with Robes Silver badges, and sev'l other
presents to four Indian Kings and Queens here so called, w'ch accord-
ingly this day his Ex'cy brought hither with intent to deliver to them
accordingly. The Councill being all present and considering, and
fearing those people may be heightened thereby especially by such
Marks of Dignity as Coronets, w'ch as they humbly conceive ought not
to be prostituted to such mean persons, doe therefore crave leave to
offer their opinions to his Ex'cy in this weighty Affaire, and do unani-
mously desire his Ex'cy at least to forbear the delivery of the said Cor-
onetts untill his Ma'ts Pleasure by further known w'ch they conceive
will be an acceptable service to his Maj'ty and tend to the Welfare of
this his Colony. This Country haveing in its minority received from
the Indians fatal returnes for considerable presents given unto them,
and it hath alwayes been found a wrong way of manageing of those
people they esteeming presents to be the effects of fear, and not kind-
ness besides which severall other Neighbouring and more considerable
Indian Nations who have deserved of the English at least as well as
the called Queen of Pomunkeyor any of the rest, will be infinitely dis-
satisfied therewith, and if not to the English themselves will shew
their Resentment at least against them which is almost as bad, Wee
being by the Articles of Peace bound to protect them will necessarily
involve us againe in their defence, in a most dangerable and chargeable
Warr.

Hen Hartwell Cl Con:       

. . .

Volume 1, Page 7

At a Councill held at Green Spring the 8'th day of July 1680

Present

His Excellency Thomas Lord Culpeper Baron of Thoresway his Maj'ts Leiu't and Govern'r Gen'll of Virginia

S'r Henry Chicheley Kn't L't Govern'r
Coll Nich Spencer Secry.
Coll Nath: Bacon Auditor.
Coll Joseph Bridger.

Coll. Phil: Ludwell.
Coll. W'm Cole.
Coll Rich: Lee.
Coll Jn'o Custis.

Coll: Matthew Kemp, and Coll Jn'o Page were this day sworn of
his Maj'ts Councill for this Colony of Virginia.

Hen: Hartwell Cl Con:    

     . . .

     It being this day moved in Councill that his Excell'cy would be
pleased to Commisionate some able, and discreet persons in whom a
power might reside upon any Attack Our Indian Enemies should make
on our Frontiers forthwith to raise men whereby to repell and pursue
them, the w'ch if not speedily done do too frequently pass undiscovered,
and considering y'e remoteness of Our Frontiers from his Excell'cy the
opportunities of takeing our satisfaction from the spoiles and Injuries
done us by our Indian Enemies is lost before his Ex'cy has knowledge
or can give orders therein. Its therefore the opinion of this board and
accordingly thought fitt that discreet and able persons be by his Ex-
cell 'cy impowered thereto with such Limitations and Restrictions as
his Ex'cy by his Instructions shall think fit therein to give them, and the
persons by this Board nominated to be so Commissionated, and im-
powered by his Ex'cy are as followeth

Coll. Joseph Bridge ..........................for Nanzmond
                                                            Lower Norfolk
                                                            Isle of Wight
                                                            & Surry.

Col. Wm. Bin [Byrd] for ..................Henrico& Charles City
Lt. Coll: Geo: Lyddall for ................New Kent.
Lt. Coll Wm Lloyd for ......................Rappahanock
Capt Geo: Cooper for .......................Potomeck
                                                                       Hen: Hartwell Cl Con:

. . .

Volume 1, Page 9

Att a Councill held at Green Spring the 15'th day of July 1680

Present

His Excellency
S'r Hen: Chicheley Kn't L't Gov'r
Coll: Nich: Spencer Secry
Coll Nath: Bacon Aud'r

Coll Phi: Ludwell.
Coll W'm Cole.
Fra: Leigh Esq're

Coll: John Page

    The debate concerning his Ex'cy appoint and commisionating
discreet persons on the Frontiers of each River for the immediate
raiseing of Forces in the remote Counties, whereby to engage any In-
dian Enemy that shall attack our Frontiers being this day in Councill
reassumed fully debated, and all Events well weigheded and considered:
It's the opinion of this Board, and accordingly resolved that Coll
Joseph Bridge be commissionated and impowered by his Excellency
according to such Limitations and Restrictions as his Excellency by
his Instructions shall think fitt to give him, for the immediate raiseing
such a number of men and horse (fitted with Armes & Ammuntion)
in the Counties of Lower Norfolke, Nanzemond, Isle of Wight, and
Surry, as may be agreeable to a present Exegency, giveing speedy
Intelligence thereof to his Excellency. And whereas at a Councill
held that 8'th of this month Itt was resolved that Coll Byrd, L't Coll Geo:
Lyddall, Coll Llloyd, and Capt Cooper should in the like nature be com-
missionated which being this day considered in Councill It is found
that there is not y'e like reasons for such Commissions for the head of
Rivers they have fixed Garrisons for their defence, Is therefore re-
solved that onely a Comm'on issue to Coll: Bridger for the defence of
the Counties aforeaid, the safty of the other Frontier being pro-
vided for as is before expressed.

Hen: Hartwell Cl Con:       

Volume 1, Page 12

At a Councill held at Green Spring the 3'd day of August 1680

Present

His Excellency

M'r Secretary Spencer
M'r Auditor Bacon

Coll Phil" Ludwell.
Fra: Leigh Esq'r

Coll John Page

     . . .

     Upon the reading Coll Edw: Hills Letter to M'r Secry -- advising
that there was a man missing in Charles City County, for w'ch they
had in suspition a Nottoway Indian Its thereupon ordered that M'r
Secretary write to Maj'r Gen'll Wood, and send him a Copy of the
Letter desireing him to make inquiry into the matter to the intent if
possible the Truth be discovered.

Hen: Hartwell Cl Con:     

. . .

Volume 1, Page 13

At A Councill held Att James Citty

the 1st of October 1681

Present

S'r Hen: Chicheley Kn't his Maj'ties L't Govern
Coll Jos: Bridger
Coll Wm: Cole
Ralph Wormeley Esq'r
Col Richd Lee
Coll John Custis
Coll Matt: Kemp
Coll John Page

    . . .

    Whereas A Letter was directed to the R't Hon'ble the Deputy Gov-
ern sent and delivered by the Secretary of Maryland, from the upper
house of Maryland, Signifying y't a certain Nanzatico Indian, by name
Nehemin, had committed a most barbarous murder att Point Look
Out in Maryland and desiring the same Indian to be sent and delivered
into their custody, to answer for y't his most inhumane act, as formerly
they had obliged this Colony by doing the like:  Its therefore desired
by this Board, Y't Mr. Secretary Spencer, who is well acquainted with
the carriages of the Nanzattico Indians this last Summer, if he be
not able to clear the said Indian of his own knowledge, doe with his
best dexterity and judgem't forthwith gett the said Indian into his
hands and transmitt him safely to Maryl'd pursuant to the request
of the said upper house of Maryl'd, but if he can clear the s'd Indian
from this accusation the way before express'd, y't then he forthwith
give the Govern'r an acc'nt of it and likewise send an Answer to the Lord
Baltemore, in the name of the Councell, with the reasons of our re-
fusing to deliver the Indian aforesaid.

. . .

Volume 1, Page 40

March 13th 1682-3

Present

His Excellency
M'r Secret Spencer
M'r Audit Bacon
Mr. Jos: Bridger
Coll Phil Ludwell
Coll W'm Page [Cole]
Coll John Page

     . . .

     That noe Indians ought to come to Towne, att y'e Countries
charges, unlesse sent for or upon some emergent occasion.

. . .

Volume 1, Page 52

Hot Waters September 17'th 1683

Present

Nicholas Spencer Esq President
Coll Nathanial Bacon
Coll Wm Cole
Coll John Page

     Pursuant to M'r Presidents request this day y'e above Gentlemen
of y'e Councel mett, in order for a consultation about some Speedy
course for y'e prevention of y'e Seneca Indians future Incursions, and
perpatrations of Spoils on y'e stocks and inhabitants of this Colony,
att w'ch Time all letters directed to y'e Hon'rble M'r President, from the
Commanders of Rappa: and other Counties signifying y'e late disasters
sustained by y'e Indians barbarity as likewise M'r Presidents returns &
orders thereon grounded, maturely and seriously considered, were
approve of by y'e said Board, (being as effectual as possibly could,)
who make it their request, that he would continue his care, by forth-
with dispatching a messenger to y'e northerne parts for advice, how
those parts stand affected, in what posture of defence our Inhabitants
are in, w't effects are wrought by y'e said Indians, what number of them,
& that he give directions for constant rangings, against whose returne
(provided y'e Indians continue their rapines, depradations & Spoiles)
y'e Councel will convene (ye General Court being att hand) & consult
of some meanes to bee Speedily put in execution, both to prevent the
Enemies future injuries, and force a satisfaction for all damages al-
ready susteined both in our stocks and y'e losse of our fellow Subjects.

. . .

Volume 1, Page 53

James Citty November 21'th 1683

Present

Nicholas Spencer Esq President
M'r Auditor Bacon
Coll Joseph Bridger
Coll W'm Cole

Coll John Page
Coll W'm Byrd
Coll Jo'n Lear

     M' r President having this day communicated to y'e Councel all
late occurences relating to y'e Seneca Indians incursions, how they have
perpatrated great Spoiled on y'e stocks of y'e Inhabitants of this Gov-
erm't riffled some houses, and reduced and taken y'e Mattapony Indian
Town, and att present beseiged y'e Chicahominy fort, w'ch being taken
into consideration by this board, and how fatal y'e consequences may
be, if not timely Prevented, either by an accomodation or force, being
thoroughly debated, This Board have thought fitt, and doe hereby
accordingly propose & request that y'e Hon'rble Coll W'm Byrd, one of
his Majesties Councel of this Colony, doe forthwith repaire, either to
Chicahominy or Rappa: Indian Fort, one of them being now beseiged
by y'e Seneca Indians, there to treat with them, according to such In-
structions, as he shall receive from this board; in w'ch Coll W'm Byrd
readily declared his willingnesse to secure his King & Country, This
Board doe therefore most heartily & unanimously returne him their
thanks for y'e same, and order y'e Instructions be immediately prepared
for his better conduct & guidance therein.

. . .

Volume 1, Page 54

James Citty November 29th 1683

Nicholas Spencer Esq President
Natha: Bacon Esq
Coll Joseph Bridger
Coll W'm Cole
Coll Jo'n Page
Coll W'm Byrd
Coll John Lear

     . . .

      Whereas y'e Barbarous Seneca Indians have lately made Incur-
sions & Inroads amoungst y'e Inhabitants of this his Majesties Colony
of Virginia, perpatrated great spoiles on some stocks & plantations, &
as may be feared, designe in all probability to continue & persist in
such their outrages; if not timely prevented, that wee may be there-
fore in all readinesse, not only to defend our selves, but if occasion
should require, that we may be likewise in a posture to oppose and debar
their further progresse, all and every Collector and Collectors, in this
his Majesties Colony and Dominion of Virginia, are requested and ord-
ered by this Board, to use their best care and endeavours to provide
att their entry of ships one thousand weight of shot, bullet, Carbine,
pistoll, swan and goose, for w'ch charge they shall be allowed againe att
their making up their account of fort Duties att y'e Audit

        This board taking into their serious consideration y'e great dan-
gers our neighbouring Indians (whom by Articles of Peace wee are
obligdged to defend), are daily exposed to, by y'e incursions of y'e Seneca
Indians, and endeavouring to find some expedient for y'e future to
defend them from their violence, doe conclude it absolutely necessary,
for y'e preservation of our Indinas, that ether Rappa: & Nazattico
Indians be united & incorporated (y'e Nanzatiticos being willing) or
that y'e Rappa: Indians remove to their new fort, and that this may be
effected, It is ordered that both y'e said Indian nations be made sensible
of y'e care of this board for their defence, and likewise friendly ad-
monished, that an union will produce y'e better effects, and that y'e
Indians may be safe on their way (if they consent thereto) a party of
horse is ordered to be in motion, and to conduct y'e Rappa: to such
place for security, as they make choice of, either to their new fort, or y'e
Nanzattico Town.

       Whereas y'e upper and frontier plantations of this Governm't have
lately been infested by y'e approach of y'e Seneca Indians, who have
Committed and still doe continue to commit great injuries and rapines,
and their motion being uncertaine, y'e whole Governm't in a manner is
exposed to their mercilesse furty, that wee may be therefor ready on
all occasions, and att all times, not only defend ourselves and our
neighboring Indians, but if occasion should required, to oppose y'e
Senecas further progresse and to curbe their insolencies; This board,
that they may discharge y'e Trust reposed in them, have thought fit,
and doe hereby order, as y'e best expedient, to secure y'e frontier planta-
tions, that Coll W'm Byrd have alwaies in readinesse y'e horse of Hene-
rico County, and that upon y'e Enemies approach or advice of any
danger from Coll Byrd, That Coll Edward Hill send such a part of
horse of Charles Citty County to his Assistance, as he shall desire,
and that upon y'e absence or mortality of Coll W'm Byrd or any other
Accident, y'e power of Commanding in Chiefe shall reside in y'e said
Coll Hill, and in case y'e Appamattox Indians shall stand in need of any
amunition or provision, Coll W'm Byrd is requested to supply y'e same
according to his discretion, which shall be satisfied againe.

. . .

Volume I, Page 70-71

Att a Councell at James Citty

May 7th 1685

Present

His Excellency Francis Lord Howard of Effingham
Govern'r & c

M'r Auditor Bacon
M'r Secretary Spencer
Coll Joseph Bridger
Coll Phill Ludwell
Coll W'm Cole

Coll Richd Lee
Coll John Page
Coll W'm Byrd
Col Jo'n Lear
Coll Xpher Wormeley.

     . . .

     Consideration was this day had of y'e articles of Peace concluded
on att Albany, on the thirtieth day of July last between his Excellency
Francis Lord Howard Govern'r on y'e behalfe of this Colony, and y'e
Maquas [Mohawk] Coqouges Onnondages and y'e Seneca Indians; and
forasmuch, as in one of y'e Articles It is concluded, that some of our
neighbouring Indians should this summer att y'e aforesaid place give
a meeting to y'e aforesaid Indians; as an entire confirmation of y'e
aforesaid Articles of Peace w'ch this board conclude to be absolutely
necessary, as likewise, that some able and fit persons be appointed to
goe with y'e aforesaid Indians, and represent y'e Government, y'e safety
and honor of y'e Country depending on y'e parts of those, that shall
act in such a Sphere; This Board, doe therefore propose the Hon'ble
Ralph Wormeley Esq, Coll Richard Lee, Coll W'm Byrd, John Lear
and Coll Christopher Wormeley, out of w'ch number, his Excellency is
most humbly requested to make choice of such two or one, as he shall
think fit, to proceed on a voyage to New Yorke by water, with an In-
terpreter, two Indians from Appamattocks, two Indians from Nan-
zatico, two from Chicahominy, and two from Pomunkey, by the
tenth day of July next, to confirme y'e aforesaid Articles; and in re-
garde y'e charge is uncertaine, It is impossible by this board to be setled
as he shall appoint to goe, to order y'e furnishing out such sloop or
vessel as shall be appointed, with all other necessary contingent
charges, but are of opinion, that it will be for y'e Countries Interest,
that Presents be made from this Government, and our Indians, to
such Indians, as they goe to treat with, being a Custome amongst all
nations of Indians, as y'e tye and pledge for the performance or [of] Ar-
ticles of Peace.

. . .

Volume 1, Page 72

Att a Councel att James Citty

June 12'th 1685

Present

His Excellency Francis Lord Howard
Govern'r & c
M'r Auditor Bacon
M'r Secretary Spencer
Coll Joseph Bridger
Col Phill Ludwell

Coll W'm Cole
Coll John Page
Coll W'm Byrd
Coll John Lear

     . . .

     Whereas by y'e Articles of Peace concluded on att Albany between
his Ex'cy Francis Lord Howard of Effingham Govern'r on y'e behalfe
of this Colony, and y'e maquase, Seneca and other Forraigne Indians,
It was concluded on, that an agent with some of our neighbouring
Indishould some times this summer goe to Albany to ratifye the
aforesaid Articles, and it being under consideration, what person is fit
to negotiate in soe great an affair; It is resolved, That Coll W'm Byrd,
one of his Majesties Councel of this Colony, be employed as Agent for
this Country, in this negotiation; and It is likewise resolved, that M'r
Edmund Jenings, who by reason his formerly being att New York
and Albany, and well acquainted with the Peace his Excellency made
with those northern Indians, and y'e [manner] of treating with them, be
ordered to attend Coll: W'm Byrd, as an assistant in this agency; This
being resolved on, and y'e charge being had under consideration by
this board; It was proposed to M'r Auditor Bacon to know what fund
of money was in his hands to support y'e charge of such an agency, as
y'e sending an agent, Vessel and eight Indians of our neighbouring
Towns will necessarily require to w'ch M'r Auditor Bacon replied, that
he had noe money in his hands, upon y'e account of y'e two shillings per
hhd and port duties, notsoe much as to satisfye y'e councelors money
and other contingent charges, nor could give any Credit, unlesse his
Excellency would be pleased to issue a warrant upon what has arisen
this year upon y'e account of y'e Quitrents, which if his Excellency shall
think fitt, then It is ordered, that y'e measures taken for y'e agency to
New York be forthw'th proceeded on.

. . .

Volume I, Page 78

Att a Councel held Att y'e house
of Col Nathaniel Bacon

July 1st 1686

Present

His Excellency Francis Lord Howard Govern'r
M'r Auditor Bacon
M'r Secretary Spencer
Col Phillip Ludwel

Coll W'm Cole
Col John Page
Col W'm Byrd

Col Christopher Wormeley

     . . .

[Pamunkey]

       George Smith Interpreter to y'e Pomunkey Indians having this day
informed his Excellency and Councel, that y'e Pomunkey Indian Queen,
so called, was lately dead, and that y'e Pomunkey Indians did desire,
that y'e late Queenes Niece -- upon whom y'e right of Governm't of that
Indian Nation does devolve, might succeed in y'e Governm't whereupon
It is ordered, that y'e said Geo. Smith doe acquaint y'e said late Queens
Niece and y'e Great men of Pomunkey Town to attend his Excellency,
att James Citty, on y'e third day of y'e next General Court, in order to
her being confirmed in y'e Governm't of those Indians; It is likewise
ordered, that Indian Harries wife, being a Pomunkey Indian, doe at-
tend his Excellency and Councel, Att y'e same time, to y'e intent she
may be examined, what she knows or Imagins is become of her hus-
band, and y'e other Indians loss'd from Col Byrds' And It is likewise
ordered, that y'e said Geo: smith doe by all private & subtile meanes
E ndeavour to discover, how and by what meanes those Indians were
losst.

. . .

Volume I, Page 83

Att a Councell held att James Citty Aprill 29'th 1687

Present
His Excellency

Nathaniel Bacon Esq'r
M'r Secretary Spencer
Coll W'm Cole
Ralph Wormeley Esq'r
Coll: Richard Lee

Coll John Custis
Coll John Page
Coll: John Lear
Coll Christopher Wormeley
Coll: Isaac Allerton

            The Hon'ble Coll John Lear haveing acquainted this Board, that the
Nation of Indians Called y'e Meherins hath Deserted their former
place of Residence, or Habitation, and hath lately Seated themselves on the
North Side of the Blackwater, Contrary to y'e Limitts, and Bounds in
former yeares Sett unto the Indians, and to which the Meherins never
made any pretention unto, and being Come upon the Skirts, and Bor-
ders of the English Plantacons they are Injurious to them in their
Stocks, by private Killing, and destroying of them, and not only soe,
but by their Insolent Carriadge, terrifye, and affright the Inhabitants,
w'ch this Board takeing into their serious Consideration, and the ill
Effects, w'ch from such ungoverned Neighbours may be, if not timely
prevented, have therefore upon due Consideration had of y'e same, De-
sired and Ordered the Hon'ble Coll: W'm Cole, and Coll John Lear two of
his Maj'ties Councell, to meet at the House of Coll John Lear, Sometime,
towards the latter End of May next, to Cause to Come before them the Warowance, or Chiefe Man of the Meherins, and some of his Great
Men, as also y'e Warrowance of Nanzemond, and some of his Great Men,
and to know the Reason why y'e Meherins come to Seate soe neer upon
the Skirts of Our Inhabitants, and on Lands they have noe pretensions
unto, and therefore they are not to think soe to Continue, to make a
fixed Being. But if they have for this present yeare there planted
Corn, that they may Continue to Tend that Corne, and when Ripe,
to Remove y'e Corne together with themselves to y'e Southside of the Blackwater, where they may be Suffered to Sett down, and make Seat-
ment for themselves, not Injuring, Molesting, nor Destroying y'e Eng-
lishmens Stocks;  It is also further Ordered, that what Effect this
Treaty appointed hath, with those Meherins, Coll W'm Cole and Coll
John Lear are to Report to his Excellency and Councell, att y'e next
meeting of the Councel, at M'r Audit'r Bacon's, on y'e Sixteenth day of
June that accordingly Such Measures may be taken as shall be found
fitt.

. . .

Volume I, Pages 92-94

May y'e 1'st 1688

Present

His Excellency

Nath'll Bacon Esq're
Nich'o Spencer Esq're Secret:
Coll W'm Cole
Coll Rich: Lee
Col Jn'o Custis

Coll Jn'o Page
Col W'm Byrd
Coll Jn'o Lear
Coll X'to Wormeley
Coll Isaac Allerton

      Whereas the R't Hono'ble Coll Thomas Dongon His Maj'ties Gov'r
Gen'll of New-Yorke by his Letter of the 30th of march 1688 unto his
Excellency Francis Lord Howard, which his Excellency was pleased
this day to Cause to be read in Councell, Sett forth the Extraordinary
Great Charge that his Maj'ties Province of New Yorke had bourne and
undergon for some Considerable time in the Maintaining of a Warr for
the defence of five Nation or Cantons of Inyans, (viz't) the Maquas,
Sineca's, Cajougnes, Oneydes, and Onondagnes Subjects of his Maj'tie
of Great Brittain against the Indyans Assisted and Countinanced
by the Gov'r of Canady, and Craved and desired the Assistance of this
His Maj'ties Colony and Dominion of Virg'a a supply of mony for the
Carrying on of the said Warr too heavy and Chargeable for that Gov-
ernment any time to hold out or beare, Likewise his Maj'ties Order to
Coll'o Thomas Dongon to defend and preserve those Nations of Indians
against the Incursian and Invasion of the Governor of Canada and the
Canada Indyans, and this board takeing the whole matter under Con-
sideration & observing that his Maj'tie in his Order to Coll Dongon was
pleased to Command and direct him that in case he wanted aid and As-
sistance for the Carrying on of the said Warr to give Notice to the Sev-
erall Gov'rs and Proprieto'rs in his Maj'ties Plantacons upon the Con-
tinent of America to the end they might Assist him with Such help as
the Exegency required, in which this Board are of the Opinion that
out of Duty to his Maj'ties Comands & out of Commiseration to their
Fellow Subjects Inhabitants of New Yorke Oppressed by Warr, and
out of Consideration of the Kinde and Great Assistance have reced
from that Governm't in assisting His Excellency Francis Lord Howard
in making a happy peace with those Seneca Indyans, ought to assist
his Maj'ties Government of New Yorke ag't the Attempts of the French
Kings Subject and Indyans, and thereupon resolved, that the present
Assembly should be moved to Contribute what this Country Could doe,
by way of Supply of mony, to aid and Assist his Maj'ties Government
of New York, in the defence of his Maj'ties English and Indyan Sub-
jects there Inhabiting, In which his Maj'ties Assembly of Virginia de-
clareing, that they were uncapable of affording any Supply of Mony,
by reason of their present Necessities, they lye under from the meane
and low vallue of their onely Comodity tobacco is of at present, And
his Maj'ties Gov'r and Councell finding, that noe Supplyes could be Ex-
pected from the Assembly, and well knowing of what great Moment,
and Concerne it is to the future peace, and Wellfaire, of this his Maj'ties
Government of Virg'a, to have the Seneca Indyans, protected and pre-
served, from the Attempts and Incursions of the French, and Indian In-
habitants of Canada, under whose Subjection should the Seneca's be
reduced, his Maj'ties Subjects of this Colony must Expect to be perpe-
tually disturbed and disquieted and brought under an Insupportable
Charge, if not ruined, Therefore his Maj'ties Councell are Unanimously
of the Opinion, that it is not onely fitt, but absolutely Necessary, that a
Supply be made unto the Government of New Yorke, for the better Car-
rying on the Warr they are Ingaged in, and haveing noe Publiq Fund
of present Mony, nor waies, nor meanes to raise it, but by an Assembly,
who have positively declined any Assistance, Therfore doe humbly
Supplicate his Excellency to Concur with them in Opinion that five
hundred pounds Sterl, be raised out of his Maj'ties Quitrents of this
Country, and by bills of Exchange Ordered unto his Maj'ties Gov'r of
New Yorke, as a Supply to defend them, in the Warr, they are In-
gaged in. And doe humbly beseech his Majestie, that he will be Gra-
ciously please soe favourably to accept of this Councell to his Excel-
lency, for the Issueing of a Warrant to Mr. Auditor for the Ordering
five hundred pounds, out of his Maj'ties Quitrents heere unto Coll
Dongon as onely Intended an act of Service to His Maj'ties Govern-
ment of New Yorke, and not out of any preseumption of his Maj'ties
most Loyall and Dutifull Subjects, and Servants, his Maj'ties gov'r and
Councell of this Colony.

       His Majesties governor and Councell of this his Maj'ties Colony,
with all Humility begg leave to represent unto his Maj'tie, that many
yeares since, in some of the Extreame parts of this his Maj'ties Colony,
Considerable Quantityes of Land, were appoynted and layd out for
the use and benefitt of the Indyans, as namely the Pomunky Neck
and the Southside of blackwater, where there was then Inhabiting, very
Considerable Nations of Indyans, Consisting of Great Numbers, but
are now wasted and dwinled away, however doe hold and possess all
those Considerable Tracts of Lands, which when they were a Numerous
People, were Allotted for them, and being of large Extent, makes little
an Inroade to the Foreigne Indyans, who have made frequent Attempts
upon those poore, and weake townes of Indyans, and being Sencible
how unable they are to defend themselves, against any Such Attempts,
and finding that Such large Tracts of Land, are of noe benifitt nor use
unto them, Have therefore humbly petitioned his Excellency, that his
Excellency would be pleased to admitt, his Maj'ties subjects of this
Country, who were desirous to remove themselves into those parts, to
Survey and Seale Pomunky Neck, and the Southside of blackwater,
from whose Neighbourhood, the Indyans Exspect to have protection,
and likewise reliefe in their now most Indigent way of Liveing there-
fore this Board are humbly of the Opinion, that as it will be as great Satis-
faction, to yo'r Maj'ties Subjects, to be admitted to Survey and Seate,
those uninhabited parts of yo'r Maj'ties Country, alwaies reserveing and
Continueing to the Indyans, Such Quantityes of Land as they shall
declare themselves Satisfied with, both in Pomunky Neck, and the
Southside of the black-Water, by which meanes Lands lyeing in those
parts of the country, from which yo'r Maj'tie now receives noe benifitt
of Quit rents, will if Seated and Inhabited make a good Addition to the
Revenue of Quitrents, of this yo'r Maj'ties Colony and Dominion of
Virg'a.

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