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Pages 200-299

EXECUTIVE JOURNALS

OF THE

Council of Colonial Virginia

Vol. I

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Volume I, Page 202

Att a Councill held at James Citty Octob'r 27th 1691

Present

The R't Hono'ble Francis Nicholson Esq're
their Ma's Lieu't Gov'r

William Cole Esq're Sec'ry
William Byrd Esq're
Ralph Wormeley Esq're
John Custis Esq're

C'r Wormeley Esq're
Edw'd Hill Esq're
Henry Whiteing Esq're
John Lear Esq're

Edm'd Jenings Esq're

     It being represented to this Board that severall persons keepe
Indians without obtaineing Lycence soe to doe, It is Ordered that the
respective Sheriffs of this Colony inquire into the same within their
Counties, and return an acco't of all Such persons to William Edwards
Clerke of the Councill forthwith,

. . .

Volume I, Page 203

October 30th 1691

     . . .

     The Interpreters to the Indians, their Comissions prepared for
the R't Hono'ble the L't Gov'rs signeing, were read and approved off.

. . .

Volume I, Pages 206-207

Att a Councill held at Tindalls point Decemb'r 8'th 1691

Present

The R't Hono'ble Francis Nichols Esq're
their Ma's Lieu't Gov'r

William Cole Esq're Sec'ry
William Byrd Esq're

Edw'd Hill Esq're
Henry Whiteing Esq're

     . . .

    Forasmuch as certaine Indians have been taken by the Potomack
Rangers, and Complaints made that severall Injuries have been done
in the Stocks of the Inhabitants of the Frontiers of Stafford County,
It is Ordered, that notwithstanding an Order hath been Sent from this
Board, to call in the Rangers at the heads of the Rivers, thereby to
ease the great Charge of the Countrey, and that all the Rangers (Except
those in Stafford County) are discharged, noe Complaints being made
from any place, that if the Justices and Militia Officers of Stafford
County when they meete, to take the Examinations of the Indians
that were taken, and depositions against them, doe fine it for their
Ma's Service, and Security of this Countrey, to Continue the Rangers
there, that then Cap't Mala: Peale and Cap't George Mason Deputy
Comanders in Chiefe of the aforesaid County, doe issue their
Order to the L't of the Rangers requireing him and the Souldiers under
his Comand, to Continue their Rangeing till further Order, and to be
very Carefull and diligent in performeing their Duties.

     On Consideration that it may be of ill Consequence, and indanger
the breakeing the Peace, between the Inhabitants of New Yorke, and
the five Nations of Indians (those Nations as it is reported being very
wavering, the French at Canada haveing indeavoured, to perswade
them to be on their side) if this Government should cause the six
strange Indians taken by the Ranger of Potomack, to be Imediately
proceeded against, it being supposed they belong to the five Nations
at New Yorke, the R't Hono'ble the Lieu't Gov'r is therefore desired
after the Examinations of the said Indians, and depositions Ordered
to be taken against them, are returned his Hono'r, to write to the Gov-
ernm't of New Yorke (by a Messenger to be sent on purpose) and give
them an account that six Indians are taken in this Government, which
are supposed to belogn to the five Nations in Amity with them, but
for that it is reported the said five Nations are very wavering, and
should they breake the Peace made with them, it might be of bad
Consequence (in these times of Danger) to that Government, the said
Indians are kept, that they may inquire of the five Nations, whether
they want any Such Indians, and if they doe, know the Reasons why
they come on our Frontiers, Contrary to the Articles of Peace made
with them, and return an account to his Hono'r, what the said Nations
say, that this Government may know how to proceede against the
afores'd six Indians.

The R't Hono'ble the L't Gov'r is desired, to write to those who at
present take care, to preserve the Peace of their Ma's Province of Mary-
land, and acquaint them that by an Indian belonging to one of the
Inhabitants of this Colony, lately escaped from a parcell of Strange
Indians, who about August last carried him away, Wee have an ac-
count, those Strange Indians are harboured, and furnished by the
Indians and Inhabitants of that Province, with Armes, Amunition
& c And for that the said Strange Indians, doe much Injury to the
Inhabitants on the Frontiers of this Colony, they for the future take
care, that the said Indians be neither harboured, nor furnished by their
Inhabitants or Indians.

This Board takeing into their Consideration the good and well
being of this Countrey, and in Order thereto, findeing it Necessary to
know, whether any of the Inhabitants of this Colony, trade with the
Strange Indians, which aftentimes comes on the Frontiers of Stafford
County, and for what, where the said Indians trade most, where they
are furnished with Powder and Shott, and what Correspondence they
hold, with the Piscataway and Pomunky Indians in Maryland, Doe
Order that the Justices and militia Officers of Stafford County, when
they meete, to take the Examinations of the Indians lately taken, doe
full Inquiry make into the aboves'd perticulers, and return an account
thereof to the Secretaries Office, when the aforesaid Indians are Sent;
and Cap't George Mason is Ordered not to send the said Indians, till
after this Inquiry be made, that soe the same may be sent down by
the persons who bring them, to prevent the Charge of Another Messen-
ger.

. . .

Volume I, Pages 216 - 217

Jan'r'y 28th 1691

Present

Thd R't Hono'ble Francis Nicholson Esq're
their Ma's Lieu't Gov'r

William Cole Esq're Sec.
William Byrd Esq're
John Lear Esq're

C'r Wormeley Esq're
Edward Hill Esq're
Henry Whiteing Esq're
Edmund Jenings Esq're

     The R't Hono'ble the Lieu't Gov'r caused to be read the returns made
by the Justices and Militia Officers of Stafford County to the Order
sent them in X'br last, about the Six Strange Indians taken above the
Inhabitants of their County, a Letter from Cap't George Mason one
of the Deputy Comanders in Chief of the said County, the Indians
Examinations and depositions taken against them, and it appeareing
by the returns made, that the Chief of the Indians is a Doeg, and the
others of other Nations in these parts, And that the Nanzattico Indians
a Nation in Amity with us, will make Satisfaction for the Injuries done
by the said Indians (which is alleadged was done by accident and not
on purpose) and undertake for their future fidelity, also that the In-
habitants of the aforesaid County are rather Willing to accept the said
Satisfaction then have any other Proceedings made against the said
Indians, not knowing but that if they should be proceeded against, it
might occasion a Warr with the Indians, which for want not onely of
Armes and Amunition but also Clothes this Countrey is very unable
to manager, On Consideration whereof it is thought fitt and accordingly
Ordered that if the Nanzattico Indians will make such reparation for
the Injuries done as shall Satisfye the Inhabitants of the aforesaid
County, and undertake for the saide Indians future fidelity, that then
they be discharged by the Justices and Militia Officers of the afore-
said County, who Cap't George Mason is hereby Ordered to cause to
meete about the same, but if the Nanzattico Indians shall refuse to
make Satisfaction and undertake for the said Indians, It is Ordered
that they be sent to James Citty (as was directed in the first mentioned
Order) by the last day of March, the badness of the weather and other
reasons being accepted why they were not sent downe according to
the aforesaid Order of X'br last; And it is further Ordered that Cap't
Mala: Peale and Cap't Geo: Mason Deputy Command'rs in Chief of the
aforesaid County doe Order the Lieu't of the Rangers with the Souldiers
under his Comand to Continue their Rangeing, and be very diligent
therein till further Order.

It appeareing the six strange Indians taken in Potomack doe not
belong to the five Nations, his Hono'r the Lieur't Gov'r is therefore re-
requested not to send to New York about them as he was desired in X'br
last.

      Forasmuch as there is great reason to believe the disturbance in
Stafford County was Occasioned by false reports of Indians, It is Ord-
ered that for the future if any Indian or Indians shall report any News
which may Alarum the Inhabitants of this Colony, the respective Just-
ices of Peace, Sherriffs and Militia Officers within their precints are
to cause them to be taken into Custody and there detained till it ap-
ppeare whether what they have reported be true or not, and if it be true
they shall be well rewarded, but if falce proceeded against and pun-
ished according to Law, And this Method to be taken till the meeting
of the Assembly, and the respective Interpret'rs are Ordered to ac-
quant the Indians herewith.

     This Board Most humbly beggs leave to represent to their Sacred
Ma's that the Gentlemen of the Councill liveing disperst in the Severall
Necks of this Colony is of great use for their Ma's Service in the de-
fense of the Countrey from the Indians, quieting disturbances amongst
the Inhabitants and otherwise, but being some of them often Sick, or
Lame with the Gout, and it many times hapning that others in the
Winter are hindered Crossing the Rivers by Wind or Ice, and the
Sommer by Wind, their Ma's Service is often retarded, their most
Sacred Ma's are therefore humbly Supplicated to take the same into
their Royall Consideration, and to appoint such a Number of per-
sons in one Neck to be of their Ma's Councill as may make a Quorum,
that upon Emergent Occasions their Ma's Service be not Impeded.

Copa Vera

Test     

   William Cole Secr               

. . .

Volume I, Page 230

At a Councill held at James Citty Aprill 19th 1692

Present

The R't Hono'ble Francis Nicholson Esq're
their Ma's Lieu't Gov'r of Virginia

William Cole Esq're Sec:
William Byrd Esq're
C'r Wormeley Esq're

Jn'o Lear Esq're
Henry Whiting Esq're
Edmund Jenings Esq're

      His Hono'r the Lieu't Gov'r caused to be read a resolve of the House
of Burgesses wherein they desired his Hono'r to write to the Gov'r of
Maryland that he would injoyn the Indians in that Government for
the future before their Comeing into this Country to send over some
of their Great Men to Informe the nearest Magistrate with the place
where they designe to Land, with their Intentions of coming over,
their Number and the place they propose to reside at, and also the
time of their Continuance and Stay, after the reading whereof his
Hono'r desired the Opinion of the Councill therein, who are of the Opinion
that what was proposed by the R't Worp'll the house of Burgesses was
reasonable and fitt to be desired of the Gov'r of Maryland.

. . .

Volume I, Pages 253-254

June 24th 1692

Present

The R't Hono'ble Francis Nicholson Esq're,
their Ma's Lieu't Gov'r

C'r RobinsonEsq're
Ralph Wormeley Esq're
William Byrd Esq're
John Lear Esq're

C'r Wormeley Esq're
Edward Hill Esq're
Henry Whiteing Esq're
Edmund Jenings Esq're

     . . .

    It being represented to this Board by the Rt' Hono'ble the Lieu't
Gov'r that Indians goeing in great Numbers from place to place at
the heads of the Rivers without passes often times when they are Seene
Occasions a Supposition that they are Enemyes and thereby causes
disturbance, On Consideration whereof, the Rt Hono'ble the Lieu't Gov'r
is desired to write to the Governments of New Yorke and Pensilvania
and request them to Ord'r their Indians when they Intend to come to
Our Neighbouring Indians or goe by Our Frontiers to anyNation to the
Southward of us, that they take passes from some of the Chiefe Officers
of those Governments, that if they be Seene by any of Our Inhabitants,
they may be known to be Indians in Amity with us.

     It is Ordered that the respective Indian Interpret'rs forthwith
Order Our Neighbouring Indians that if above three or four of them
designe to travell abroad together, they first come to one of the nearest
6t Justice in this Colony and acquaint him therewith and the time they
resolve to return, that if any English or other of the Neighboring
Indians meete their Tract, the Country may not be allarumed thereby,
as now is usuall.

. . .

Volume I, Page 259

Att a Councill held at James City July 6th 1692

Present

The R't Hono'ble Francis Nicholson Esq're
their Ma's Lieu't Gov'r of Virg'a
William Byrd Esq're
John Lear Esq're
Edw'd Hill Esq're
Edmund Jenings Esq're
C'r Robinson Esq're
Henry Hartwell Esq're
Henry Whiting Esq're

    The R't Hono'ble the Lieu't Gov'r caused to be read a Letter from the
Hono'be Major Richard Inglesby Comand'r in Chief of their Ma's
Province of New Yorke wherein he Setts forth the miserable Con-
dition of that Government, and the great danger of looseing Albany
without a Supply, and also haveing Sent the last Treaties with the
five Nations, wherein the Indians Compaline of the want of Assistance
from the Neighbouring Governments according to the Articles of Peace
made with them, both which have been duely Considered (and finding
that this Government is at very great Charge in maintaineing Forces
at the heads of all Our great Rivers to prevent the Mischiefs frequently
Comitted by Indians on the Frontiers of this Government) And to the
End this Government may give all Needfull Assistance where Oc-
casion for their Ma's Service shall require it, It is Ordered that M'r
Audit'r Byrd pay to the Hono'ble Step: Van Courtland Esq're one of
their Ma's Councill of New Yorke one hundred pounds Sterli, which
said Mony the said Courtland is to keepe in his Custody till the
Comander in Chief and Councill of that place give him an Order under
their hands, that the disposall thereof is of absolute Necessity for their
Ma's Service.

     And the Mischiefs which are Committed by Indians in this Govern-
ment being supposed to be done by Indians belonging to the five Nations,
the Government of New Yorke is therefore desired to take care therein,
and indeavour as much as possible they cann he prevention thereof
for unless the same be prevented this government will be at soe great
charge that it will not be possible to give them any further Assistance
if their Danger should be greater then at present they apprehend,
which God of his Mercy prevent.

     Majo'r Richard Inglesby Command'r in Chief of their Ma's Province
of New Yorke in a Letter to the R't Hono'be the Lieu't Gov'r setting
forth the miserablle Condition of that Government, and the great dan-
ger they were in of looseing Albany without a Supply, and this Gov-
ernment willing to shew their Readiness to promote or defend their
Ma's Interest Imediately Ordere Mr's Audit'r Byrd to pay to the Hono'ble
Step: Van Courtland one of their Ma's Councill of that Province one
hundred pounds Sterli for the Assistance of that Government against
their Ma's Enemies, but for that this Country hath been and still is at
great charge in maintaining Rangers at the heads of all Our great
Rivers to prevent (as much as possible) this Country from the Danger
of the Indians, who have severall times been doeing Mischief, the R't
Hono'ble William Blaithwait Esq're is therefore desired if the Govern-
ment of New Yorke use the Mony to procure that Mr Audit'r Byrd be
reallowed the same out of their Ma's Revenue of Quitrents due to this
Colony.

     His Honor the Lieu't Gov'r caused to be read a letter from his Ex'cy
Lionell Copley Esq'r Cap't Gen'll and Gov'r in Chief of their Ma's Prov-
ince of Maryland wherein he Informes that he has Seene the last
treaties of the Gov'rnm't of New Yorke with the five Nations of Indians
and that Intends not to send any money to New Yorke till the Mes-
senger returns from hence, that thereby he may know the Measures
taken here in Supplying the aforesaid Government, On Consideration
whereof his Hono'r the Lieu't Gov'r is desired to write to his Ex'cy Coll
Copley and acquaint him that this Government knowing it to be their
Duties to their Ma's to give all Needfull Assistance to any of the Neigh-
bouring Governments, did some little time since send one hundred &
odd pounds Sterli to the Government of New Yorke, and have now
Ordered one hunded pounds more to be sent them.

. . .

Volume I, Page 262

July 6'th 1692

Present as before

      William Byrd Esq're acquainting this Board that some time Since
an English Woman belonging to him was killed, and a Negro Woman
and Mollato boy taken away by some Strange Idnians, and he now
understands the Negro Woman was by the said Indians sold to an In-
habitant in Philadelphia in the Governm't of Pensilvania where shee
now is, On Consideration whereof it appeares to be of very dangerous
Consequence to all their Ma's Governments in these parts, if Negroes
shall be bought from Indians, and will soe incourage the Indians to
steale from one Gov'rnm't and sell to another, that it will be difficult
keepeing a Servant, and the Inhabitants of these Governments much
damnified in their Estates and discouraged Inhabiting in these parts
of their Ma's Dominions, the R't Hono'ble William Blathwait Esq're is
therefore requested to represent the same to the R't Hono'ble the Lords
Committee for Trade and Plantations and humbly to pray them to give
such Comands therein as they shall See fitt.

Volume I, Page 266

July 7th 1692

Present

The R't Hono'ble Francis Nicholson Esq're
their Ma's Lieu't Gov'r

C'r Wormeley Esq're
Henry Whiteing Esq're

Edmund Jenings Esq're
C'r Robinson Esq're Sec:

     . . .

     The R't Hono'ble the Lieu't Gov'r caused to be read a Letter from
the Justices of the Peace for Newkent County, giveing an account
that an Indian had related a Nation of Strange Indians Intended to
fall upon and destroy the Inhabitants of this Colony, and that they
had Ordered the said Indian and Interpreter to the Indians to appeare
before his Hono'r for his Examination, On Consideration whereof the
R't Hono'ble the Lieu't Gov'r desired to cause to be raised soe many Men
as he shall see fitt, and further proceeded therein as he shall find oc-
casion for their Ma's Service.

. . .

Volume I, Page 278-279

Att a Councill held att James Citty y'e 17th March 1692 [1692-3]

Present

His Excell'y

Ralph Wormely Sec'r
William Byrd
John Lear
Chr: Wormely

Edward Hill
Hen: Whiteing
Edm'o Jenings
Hen: Hartwell
Richard Lee Esq're

     On reading a letter from Cap't George Mason one of the Deputy
Comanders in Chiefe of Stafford County to His Excell'y the Governor
dated March the 8th 1692-3 of the Piscatoway Indians comeing
over Potomack River and the Apprehension or fear occasioned thereby he
had dissired the Emperor of the said Indians that neither his nor any
other Indians should come on our Side the River till further Order
from his Excell'y. It is the Opinion of the Councill that due regard be
had to the 9th Act of Assembley made in the year 1691. Entitled an
Act for a free trade w'th Indians, and that Indians be not restrained
contrary thereto, and Ordered in Councill Accordingly.

. . .

Volume I, Page 280 - 281

Att a Councill held att James Citty y'e 3'd Apr'll 1693

Present

His Excell'y
Ralph Wormely Sec'r
William Byrd
John Lear

Edward Hill
Edm'o Jenings
Henry Hartwell

Richard Lee Esq'rs

     Upon representation of the Surveying or not Surveying the Lands
in Pomunkey Neck and the South Side of James River. His Excell'y
by Advice in Councill doth Order that M'r James Mings doe Attend on
his Excell'y in Councill in James Citty the 20'th day of this instant,
when to bring w'th him, all papers and matters relateing thereto.

. . .

Volume I, Page 284

Aprill 27th 1693

Present

His Excell'y

Ralph Wormely Sec'r
William Byrd
Chr Wormely

Edward Hill
Hen Whiteing
Hen: Hartwell
Richard Lee Esq'rs

     Mr James Mings this day Appearing in Councill to give an Account
relating to the Lands, on the South side of James River, and in Po-
munkey Neck and not saying anything Materiall, butt that he had
not in his practice Surveyed any in either place, or where Indians con-
cerned, and the same lying now before their Maj'ts It is the Opinion
and Advice of the Councill that the said Lands remain as now they
doe, till the Arrivall of the Fleet or further Order, And Ordred Accor-
dingly.

Volume I, Page 284

Att a Councill held att James Citty y'e 29'th Apr'll 1693

Present

His Excell'y
Ralph Wormely Sec'r
William Byrd
Chr: Wormely
Edward Hill
Hen:Whiteing
Hen: Hartwell
Richard Lee Esq'rs

     On reading the Peticon of Taptico and other of the Wickocomoco
Indians about their Lands, and the order of the Gen'll Court dates June
the 17th 1678 and an order of Councill dates May the 22'd 1683 relateing
thereto. It is the opinion and Advice of the Councill and Ordred in
Councill that Cap't John Smithe one of the Persons Complained of by
the said Indians, have regard that they be not disturbed, to the In-
fringement of the aforesaid Orders.

. . .

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